Hypertension is today the most prevailing chronic disease in India.
Hypertension also referred to as high blood pressure, is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against the artery walls is so high that it causes serious health problems.
Many people live with high blood pressure for years without any symptoms or pain. Even with no symptoms, the high pressure damages blood vessels as well as the heart. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke. Hypertension is by far the most important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease later in life.
In the year 2000, more than 118 million people suffered from hypertension in India. By 2025 this number is expected to increase to 214 million people. In 2014 alone, 1,1 million Indians died due to complications caused by high blood pressure. This corresponds to 10,8% of all deaths in the country. Especially the isolated areas of India are affected, as only 1 in 4 know they suffer from hypertension. Consequently, early diagnosis is very important in order to initiate the best treatment of hypertension to prevent development of cardiovascular disease.
Historically, diabetes has been seen as a disease in rich people in high income countries.
Historically, diabetes was known as a disease which mainly affected the rich people in the Western part of the world. Today diabetes type 2 is a global lifestyle-related pandemic which targets the whole world. Statistics from WHO show that 80% of all diabetes-related deaths occur in low-and-middle-income countries. This shows that the poorest countries are very vulnerable when it comes to diabetes. Numbers from 2015 shows that 415 million people worldwide suffers from diabetes – a number which will continue to increase. In 2040 it is estimated that 123,5 million people will have diabetes and that 1 in 10 of all diabetes-related deaths occur in low-and-middle-income countries.
Diabetes is one of the most significant risk factors for development of cardiovascular disease, eye disease, kidney disease, nerve disease, and the premature deaths of millions of people.